der-words and ein-words

These are so-called Artikelwörter in German, because they act like and take the same endings as definite or indefinite articles. They are sometimes called determiners in English, because they determine more specifically the meaning of the noun they are used with.

The der-words are sometimes called dieser-words.They are:

der-word
English meaning
der-word
English meaning

der, die, das, die

the; that

solcher

such a, such

dieser,-e,-es,-e

this

mancher

many a, many

jeder (pl. alle)

each, every

jener

that, yon

aller (usually pl.)

each, every; all (pl)

welcher

which, what

The ein-words include, ein, kein and all possessive adjectives:

ein-word
English meaning
ein-word
English meaning

ein, eine, ein, --

a, an

kein,-e,-,-e

no, not any, not…a

Possessive adjectives (agree with the word they describe):

mein,-e,-,-e

my

unser

our

dein (to a du-person)

your

euer (to ihr-people)

your

sein

his

ihr

their

ihr

her

Ihr (to a Sie-person or -people)

your

sein

its

The der-words andein-words share the same endings except for those in the pink boxes below:

masc
fem
neut
plur
Subj/Nom

dies-er

dies-e
kein-e

dies-es

dies-e
kein-e

kein__

kein__

DO/Acc

dies-en
kein-en

dies-e
kein-e

dies-es

dies-e
kein-e

kein__

IO/Dat

jed-em
unser-em

welch-er
mein-er

solch-em
eur-em

all-en -n
ihr-en -n

Poss/Gen

dies-es
ein-es

jed-er
sein-er

welch-es
unser-es

all-er
ihr-er

masc
fem
neut
plur

In other words, ein-words have NO ENDING in the forms listed above in the pink boxes.

Note that the -er of unser and euer is NOT an ending! Endings are addedto the entire words unser and euer. When an ending is added to these two words, the -e- before the final-r often is dropped: mit unsrem (or unserem) Vater, für eure Oma.

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